Natural Disasters and Prevention


natural Disasters and Prevention

insurance companies and capital markets more at the heart of the response system, for example, by promoting financial risk-sharing through disaster bonds, which pay an extrahigh yield but whose repayment of principal decreases for designated disasters, or through weather futures and. People migrate to the more disaster-prone coastal zonessome 2 billion people now live within 100 kilometers of the seashore. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reports that restoration of the Upper Mississippi's 100-year flood zone could have contained the estimated 39-million-square acre-feet of floodwater that caused the Great Flood of 1993 in this area. Monitoring, climate monitoring by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the National Weather Service can help prevent human losses by notification of severe weather patterns. Even less-exposed countries need help in integrating disaster management into their development plans, given the increased incidence of freak catastrophes. Impervious surfaces include roads, parking lots and sidewalks found in developed areas. These surfaces often have replaced natural areas such as wetlands. Some 45 percent of the losses in the 1990s were in Asia, 30 percent in the United States, and 10 percent in Europe. One way to reduce the impacts of flooding is to restore and maintain river flood plains and wetlands.

Many ecosystems are now so frayed that they no longer play their natural cushioning roledeforestation and wetland destruction are examples. Storm clouds, flooding, flooded streets, according to fema, floods are the most common natural disaster. Yet heres another issue that has been only very partially addressed. Global warming is making things much worse.

Half the deaths were from floods, with earthquakes the next-largest killer. Global efforts to promote microfinance and microinsurance approaches to both prevention and mitigation of risks, making them available to highly vulnerable poor people. First aid kit, natural disaster prevention also relies on the individual. They affected some 2 billion people worldwide and killed 400,000500,000, more than two-thirds in Asia. The issue has taken on such proportions and brings so much suffering that global disaster prevention and mitigation measures seem to be a must. m, ml (accessed August 16, 2018). High Noon: 20 Global Problems, 20 Years To Solve Them. By reducing the amount of impervious surface through city and local planning, flash flooding can be prevented or at the very least lessen impacts. Likewise, monitoring of seismic activity by the National Earthquake Information Center (neic) can rapidly inform government agencies and the public of destructive earthquakes. The EPA estimates that a single acre of wetlands can store up.5 million gallons of floodwater. Not all natural disasters can be prevented.


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