which falls in Scandinavia. Both the number and average age of coal-fired units retired increased substantially from 1988 to 1991, indicating utilities were removing very old units from available status that they no longer expected to use, thereby avoiding maintenance costs necessary to keep them on standby. Herbert; Johnson, Noye. US Environmental Protection Agency (2008). It was implemented in two phases. Even if a species of fish or animal can tolerate moderately acidic water, the animals or plants it eats might not. 2, on August 21, 2012, the, united States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia issued its Opinion othello: The Seasoned Soldier and Order in the appeal of the Cross State Air Pollution Rule (csapr) for two independent legal reasons. Congress passed an Acid Deposition Act.
As it flows through the soil, acidic rain water can leach aluminum from soil clay particles and then flow into streams and lakes. These 250 units had a summer peak generating capability of 79,162 MWe in 1990, with a mean of 317 MWe/unit. States having the greatest number of generating units affected by the Phase I requirements were: Ohio (40 Indiana (37 Pennsylvania (21 Georgia (19 Tennessee (19 Kentucky (17 Illinois (17 Missouri (16) and West Virginia (14).
The Problem of Acid Rain
Subsequently, the market price of SO2 allowances decreased to around 88/ton in August 2009. A b Lackey,.T. "Acid Rain in China". 31 At those rates, it was law and Justice less expensive to install scrubbers and reduce air pollution than to purchase SO2 emissions allowances and continue polluting. Buffering Capacity, many forests, streams, and lakes that experience acid rain dont suffer effects because the soil in those areas can buffer the acid rain by neutralizing the acidity in the rainwater flowing through. Marble) due to buffering effects by carbonate minerals, even with the same amount of acid rain. Journal of Environmental Management. The consequences of this damage can be costly: damaged materials that need to be repaired or replaced, increased maintenance costs, and loss of detail on stone and metal statues, monuments and tombstones. United Nations Environment Programme grid Arendal. EPA, Buying Allowances, ml#1 Acid Rain Retirement Fund, m Archived at the Wayback Machine.