the Negro. Perhaps the greatest difficulty with utilitarianism is that it fails to take into account considerations of justice. He also notes that, contrary to what its critics might say, there is "no known Epicurean theory of life which does not assign to the pleasures of the intellect a much higher value as pleasures than to those of mere sensation." However, he accepts that. Hare "The satisfaction of people's preferences rather than aiming to achieve the greatest balance of pleasure over pain.". If a being suffers, there can be no moral justification for refusing to take that suffering into consideration. 14 tHE CONSTITUTION AND CHANGE Arrhenius Gustav (2000 Future Generations, A Challenge for Moral Theory, FD-Diss., Uppsala University, Dept.
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Bentham, Jeremy; Dumont, Etienne; Hildreth, R (November 2005). The "archangel" is the hypothetical person who has perfect knowledge of the situation and no personal biases or weaknesses and always uses critical moral thinking to decide the right thing to do; the "prole" is the hypothetical person who is completely incapable of critical thinking. 27 John Stuart Mill use of Symbols and Themes in The Sixth Sense edit Main article: John Stuart Mill Mill was brought up as a Benthamite with the explicit intention that he would carry on the cause of utilitarianism. Accordingly, one has no positive obligation to have children. Ray Briggs writes in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy : 75 One objection to this interpretation of utility is that there may not be a single good (or indeed any good) which rationality requires us to seek.
We also switch to critical thinking when trying to deal with unusual situations or in cases where the intuitive moral rules give conflicting advice. Humans alone, or other sentient beings?
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