deaths. Elevating the head of the infants crib is ineffective in reducing gastroesophageal reflux 12 and is not recommended; in addition, elevating the head of the crib may result in the infant sliding to the foot of the crib into a position that may compromise respiration. 6, 7, 46, 49, 50,. 69, 70 The pacifier should be used when placing the infant for sleep. Media exposures (including movie, television, magazines, newspapers, and Web sites manufacturer advertisements, and store displays affect individual behavior by influencing beliefs and attitudes. 7, 43 Couches and armchairs are extremely dangerous places for infants. Jupiterimages/m/Getty Images, logo, return to Top, connect. It is prudent to provide separate sleep surfaces and avoid cobedding for twins and higher-order multiples in the hospital and at home. The recommendations are based on epidemiologic studies that include infants up to 1 year of age. 4 8, side sleeping is not safe and is not advised. Moon, MD, faap Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Rachel.
For breastfed infants, pacifier introduction should be delayed until breastfeeding is firmly established. However, policy statements from the American Academy of Pediatrics may not reflect the views of the liaisons or the organizations or government agencies that they represent. There is an increased risk of sids with prenatal and postnatal exposure to alcohol or illicit drug use. Parents and caregivers should evaluate the infant for signs of overheating, such as sweating or the infants chest feeling hot to the touch.
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Shapiro-Mendoza, PhD, MPH Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Staff James Couto, MA Acknowledgments We acknowledge the contributions provided by others to the collection and interpretation of data examined in preparation of this report. 48 This appears to be a particularly vulnerable time, so if parents choose to feed their infants younger than 4 months in bed, they should be especially vigilant to not fall asleep. Because there is evidence that the risk of bed-sharing is higher with longer duration, if the parent falls asleep while feeding the infant in bed, the infant should be placed back on a separate sleep surface as soon as the parent awakens. References (3 photo Credits. There is a high risk of death if a swaddled infant is placed in or rolls to the prone position. Oregonians succeed in vibrant communities that offer opportunities for everyone to reach their full potential. It is preferable that they have the Most Important Decision in My Life written policies.
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