policy, or internal improvements. 176 Often, these white Southerners identified as the "Conservative Party" or the "Democratic and Conservative Party" in order to distinguish themselves from the national Democratic Party and to obtain support from former Whigs. Hist 119: The Civil War and Reconstruction Era, with Professor David Blight. Foner (1988) entitles his chapter 6, "The Making of Radical Reconstruction." Benedict argues the Radical Republicans were conservative on many other issues in Michael Les Benedict, "Preserving the Constitution: The Conservative Basis of Radical Reconstruction." Journal of American History (1974 65254. Others feared large "Provisional" armies answering only to Davis. 99 Indian Territory was never formally ceded into the Confederacy by American Indian councils, but like Missouri and Kentucky, the Five Civilized Nations received representation in the Confederate Congress and their citizens were integrated into regular Confederate Army units. An example of agents working openly occurred in Hamilton in Bermuda, where a Confederate agent openly worked to help blockade runners. Litwack, eds., Reconstruction: An Anthology of Revisionist Writings (1969) pp 851; Montgomery, pp viiix.
Sharkey, August 1865"d in Franklin (1961. The text of Alabama's Ordinance of Secession. Other African-American men elected to office were already leaders in their communities, including a number of preachers. White militias gathered from the area a few miles outside the settlement. At all three, Confederate forces could not follow up their victory due to inadequate supply and shortages of fresh troops to exploit their successes. To 1908, southern states passed new constitutions and laws that disfranchised most blacks and tens of thousands of poor whites with new voter registration and electoral rules.
Racism and Reconstruction,
Grant made up for the defections by new gains among Union veterans and by strong support from the " Stalwart " faction of his party (which depended on his patronage and the Southern Republican parties. After Secession: Jefferson Davis and the Failure of Confederate Nationalism. 159 Perhaps the greatest obstacle to success in the 19th century warfare of mass armies was the Confederacy's lack of manpower, and sufficient numbers of disciplined, equipped troops in the field at the point of contact with the enemy. The text of Texas' Ordinance of Secession. Methodist history.4 (1985 240249.