were in the armed forces or the administration. Other sectors of heavy engineering make armaments and rolling stock. In 1885 a channel was dredged to give larger ships access to the port. Exhibits change every two weeks. As a result, while a large proportion. Many of the inhabitants and nearly three-fourths of the industrial plant were evacuated eastward ahead of the German advance. The population fell sharply to 722,000 in 1920, a mere third of the pre-Revolutionary size. Petersburg, it was later suggested, rested on a swamp of human bones. Petersburg is second only.
In particular, the cotton textile and metalworking industries flourished, the former using imported raw materials. By the early 2000s the number of tourists visiting the city began to outpace that of Moscows but still lagged behind those of other major eastern European cities. Discover the magic of Russia's second city online. Petersburg State University, founded in 1724 as the University. Just upstream of the Peter-Paul Fortress, the citys first small house was built for Peter himself during the early days of the. Petersburg are subordinate to the provincial government of the Leningrad oblast (which, unlike the city, retained its Soviet-era name). There are dozens of public and private universities.
Isaacs cathedrals, the Smolny Institute, the new Admiralty, the Senate, and the Mikhaylovsky Palace (now the State Russian Museum) are representative of the splendid buildings of this period. Vallin de la Mothe and Aleksandr Kokorinov, toward the end of the 18th century a pure Neoclassical style emerged under the architects Giacomo Quarenghi, Carlo Rossi, Andrey Voronikhin, and others. Petersburg; in the 19th century, under Marius Petipa, the Russian ballet rose to worldwide renown and produced such dancers as Vaslav Nijinsky, Tamara Karsavina, and Anna Pavlova. In 1773 the Institute of Mines was established. The outbreak of World War I in 1914 brought an upsurge of patriotic fervour centred on the tsar. Notable museums include the Hermitage and the State Russian Museum, both of international prominence.
Free Market Reform in Russia,